French Berber Area:
10,778 millions Municipal solid waste (MSW):
2,423 million tonnes (2012) Per capita MSW generation:
0.815 kg/day (urban areas)
0.150 kg/day (rural areas) MSW generation growth:
150.000 T/yr Agricultural waste:
4,033 Million T/yr C&D Waste:
No available data
15.000 T/yr e-Waste:
90.000 T/yr Packaging waste:
MSW collection coverage:
0-10% in rural areas; 80% in urban areas
MSW final destination:
5% Composted 4% Recycled 70% Landfilled: 21% Openly-dumped Number of controlled landfills:
5: Under construction 9-10: Operational (the discharge of Guellala is stopped)
Hazardous and industrial Waste:
Number of units/centers of industrial waste treatment (physical chemical treatment):
3: Under construction 1: Operational (stopped because of conflicts with local residents) Types of treatment of medical waste:
Policy and Planning Environment PRONAGDES: First strategic framework for waste management for the period 1995-2006
PRONGIDD: Covers the period 2007-2016
Legal Framework General legal framework
Framework Law 92-122 creating the Cleanup Fund (FODEP)
The Organic Law of municipalities 95-68
Framework Law 96-41 on waste management
Law 97-11 to promulgate the code of local taxation
Law 2001-14 laying down the terms for collection, transport, storage and treatment of non-hazardous waste
Law 2003-80 creating the Fund for a Clean Environment and the Aesthetics of Cities
Decree 2005-2317 establishing ANGed
Specific frameworks for certain types of waste
Law 97-37 on the road transport throughout the territory of hazardous materials
Decree 97-1102 establishing the public system for the recovery and recycling of packaging, ECO-lef
Decree 2002-693, on the conditions and terms of recovery and treatment of lubricating oils and used oil filters
Decree 2000-2339 establishing the list of hazardous waste
Decree 2005-3395 concerning the conditions of collection and processing of used batteries and accumulators
Decree 2008-2745 on rules for the waste management of healthcare activity
Institutional Framework Policy level: Ministry of Equipment and Environment. Secretariat of state for environment.
Implementation of national policy: The National Agency for Waste Management (ANGed)
Practice of waste management
ANGed: Control and supervision of medical landfills operated by private entities.
Municipalities: Local waste management policy, waste collection and transport to the collection centers or landfills.
The Ministry of the Interior and Local Government: Control and financing of municipalities
Control and application of the rules: ANPE (National Agency for Protecting the Environment): Controls the implementation of regulations on waste management, coercive power
The Ministry of Finance: Involved in the development and implementation aspects of financing and cost recovery of environmental taxes and SWM.
Partner institutions for managing the sectors
The Ministry of Public Health: Waste management of healthcare facilities
The Ministry of Industry: Sectors of used oils, batteries and accumulators, 3E waste
The Ministry of Commerce: 3E sector
Financial and Cost Recovery Arrangements Household waste collection
For municipalities: 40 D to 55 D per ton.
In the private sector: ~ 35 D per ton.
Collection financing: Municipalities’ own resources consisting of taxes on property and buildings, various local taxes and state contributions.
Recovery of collection costs: Less than 50%
The current average cost of landfilling is around 18 D/T
Financing the landfilling: Shared between local authorities on their own resources to the tune of 20%, and the State through the FODEP up to 80%.
The funding covers all costs (a situation that can change with the coming into operation of new landfills)
Private Sector involvement In policy and planning: Strategic and technical studies carried out through research departments and consultants.
For the collection and transportation of household waste: Private contracts with the 264 existing municipalities
For the collection and treatment of hazardous industrial waste: Collection provided entirely by private operators licensed by the ANGed (150 companies currently), operation of the Jradou station by a private operator.
For the operation of controlled landfills: fully ensured by the private sector, operating contracts for a period of 5 years.
For the establishment of sectors: Full integration of the private sector, intervention subject to obtaining a permit from the ANGed.
Options for Improvement
Contact SWEEP-Net National Coordinator:
Tunisia Ministry of equipment, land-use planning and sustainable development Mrs. Myriam JENAYAH SOUSSI National Waste Management Agency Head of international department Address: 6,rue Al Amine Al Abbassi-1002 Tunis-B.P 162-le Bélvédére